Catherine L. Hansen

Catherine L. Hansen teaches at the University of Tokyo, and is a contributor to The International Encyclopedia of Surrealism.

  • In Search of The Third Bird

    In Search of The Third Bird

    Exemplary Essays from The Proceedings of ESTAR(SER), 2001–2021

    D. Graham Burnett, Catherine L. Hansen, and Justin E.H. Smith

    The real history of the covey of attention-artists who call themselves “The Birds.”

    A great deal of uncertainty—and even some genuine confusion—surrounds the origin, evolution, and activities of the so-called Avis Tertia or “Order of the Third Bird.” Sensational accounts of this “attentional cult” emphasize histrionic rituals, tragic trance-addictions, and the covert dissemination of obscurantist ontologies of the art object. Hieratic, ecstatic, and endlessly evasive, the Order attracts sensual misfits and cabalistic aesthetes—both to its ranks, and to its scholarship.

    In recent years, however, the revisionist work of the research collective ESTAR(SER) has done much to clear the air, bringing archival precision to the history of this covey of attention-artists who call themselves “The Birds.” Gathering the best articles of the last twenty years of The Proceedings of ESTAR(SER), this volume represents a landmark in the history of aesthetic practices, and will be a point of departure for future work wading the muddy marshes at the limits of historicism.

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